Tyler Todd's Web Definitions Re-Do

This is a webpage where you can find the meanings of a lot of different words that have to do with the internet and coding. Using the links provided, you can access easy navigation throughout my webpage. Simply click on a letter to jump down to that letter's definitions. Hope you enjoy.

A few words that I wish to point out are DHTML which is: Dubbed a next-generation HTML, this is a mark-up language that describes how text and images are displayed on a Web page. Developed by Netscape and the W3C, it is based entirely on industry-standard HTML and Java (featuring absolute positioning and layers, for example). It gives Web designers and Web developers greater control over the look and feel of their Web pages. Another definition I would like to point out is virtualization which is: To run a program in virtual storage. For example, Dell virtualization products are optimized cloud computing solutions that limit the need for intense onsite resources. They can be programs anywhere from desktop virtualization to entire enterprise data center virtualization.

In order to define these words, I mainly used the website Netlingo. Netlingo allows me to look at the definitions for many Web terms. Netlingo also provides the meanings of other words that have to do with technology.

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A


ABT2
Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.

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B

BCBS
A chat acronym describing a joint project between a high-profile company and well-known school, where it's really just an attempt to suppress any small, independent developments by someone else. For example, "The result of the ATandT/Harvard project amounted to little more than your basic BCBS.

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C

CIAC
An organization established by the U.S. Department of Energy to track and report on events and situations relevant to computer security.

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D

DHTML
Dubbed a next-generation HTML, this is a mark-up language that describes how text and images are displayed on a Web page. Developed by Netscape and the W3C, it is based entirely on industry-standard HTML and Java (featuring absolute positioning and layers, for example). It gives Web designers and Web developers greater control over the look and feel of their Web pages

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E

Emoji
The so-called "modern version" of the emoticon, it enables the replacement of text smileys with a graphical picture version

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F

Fat Binary
When you see a download or program labeled "fat binary," it means that the program is a little larger than a regular application.

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G

Ghost Site
The name for a Web site that is no longer maintained but remains online and available for viewing. Some ghost sites continue to be useful because the content may not be outdated (see: guru site)

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H

Hardlink
A hardlink is a method of hyperlinking objects in the real world, including graphical tags (QR code), SMS tags, and RFID tags. The hardlink method establishes a reference link between a physical world object and a .mobi web page, just as a traditional hyperlink establishes an electronic reference to information on a web page.

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I

Icon
A graphical representation of a specific item (or situation). The small images located on your desktop or Web browser, which you click on to activate a program or a link, are icons. For example, "Put the Netscape icon directly on your desktop so in the future all you have to do is point-and-click to access the Web."

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J

JAR File
Contains the class, image, and sound files for a Java applet, gathered into a single file and compressed for faster downloading to a Web browser. Kill File-A file that lets you filter Usenet postings to some extent, by excluding messages on certain topics or by excluding messages from certain people.

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K

Kangaroo Code
Slang for a poorly written, very unorganized computer program most often with a complex and tangled control structure. This concept was given the name "kangaroo code" because of the many "jumps" in the program.

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L

Linkbaiting
The practice of creating content for the express purpose of attracting links to increase one's search rankings. This practice is commonly used in an attempt to get on the homepage of Digg or Delicious or StumbleUpon.

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M

Machine Translation
The use of computers to translate documents from one language to another automatically. Machine translation, often referred to by the abbreviation MT (not to be confused with computer-aided translation, machine-aided human translation (MAHT) or interactive translation) is a sub-field of computational linguistics that investigates the use of software to translate text or speech from one language to another.

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N

Net Lag
Traditionally this term refers to the delay that occurs when a large amount of users are "on" the information superhighway, or when a dirty connection slows down the retrieval of data from a server.

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O

Offsite Storage
An online service that allows individuals and companies to lease computer storage space for electronic documents. It's "offsite" in that the files are on the provider's storage network rather than on a company's system. For a monthly fee, you can store and access files via the Internet, 24/7, from any computer connected to the Net. (Some storage providers will also run automatic backup services, which can eliminate the need for in-house backups.) The downfall is that you are sending important documents over the Internet and putting them under the control of a third party; for many companies, that raises too many security issues.

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P

Packet Network
A network that carries signals containing audio, video, or text by chopping the data into packets (tiny digital parcels), commingling them with other packets as they are routed to their destinations, and reassembling each signal upon its arrival. The Internet is a packet network, whereas the telephone system is a circuit network (in which a signal travels unbroken to its destination).

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Q

QR Code
Created by Japanese corporation Denso-Wave in 1994, a "QR code" is a matrix code (which is a two-dimensional bar code) that is a two-dimensional way of representing information. It is similar to a linear (1-dimensional) bar code, but has more data representation capability.

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R

Rich Media
Enhanced media that offers more than one element of video, sound, or data, giving the user a new media experience (as opposed to older, mainstream formats).

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S

Sacrificial Host
A computer server placed outside an organization's Internet firewall to provide a service that might otherwise compromise the local net's security. As seen in Cheswick and Bellovin's "Firewalls and Internet Security.

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T

Tag Cloud
A visual display of the word content on a website, specifically of user-generated tags attached to online content, using color and font size to represent the prominence or frequency of the words or tags depicted. Whether it's a data cloud (which displays data such as population or stock market prices instead of words) or a text cloud (the visualization of word frequency in a given text as a weighted list), it's an easy way to see the most popular content on a website.

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U

Utility
A program that helps maintain and improve the efficiency of a computer system. It is also a program that utilizes a system (such as the Internet) to provide a specific service

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V

Virtualization
To run a program in virtual storage. For example, Dell virtualization products are optimized cloud computing solutions that limit the need for intense onsite resources. They can be programs anywhere from desktop virtualization to entire enterprise data center virtualization.

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W

Web Development
Refers to the complete process of creating a Web site, it includes visual, functional, organizational, technical, and usability aspects. Web design, Web programming, and Web server configuration are considered the main parts of Web development.

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X

Xmodem
A protocol for transferring files during direct dial-up communications. Developed by Ward Christensen in 1977, Xmodem has basic error checking to ensure that information isn't lost or corrupted during transfer. It sends data in 128-byte blocks. Xmodem has undergone a couple of enhancements: Xmodem CRC uses a more reliable error-correction scheme, and Xmodem-1K transfers data faster by sending it in 1,024-byte blocks.

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Y

Yottabyte
The yottabyte is a unit of information (or computer storage) equal to one septillion bytes (which is one long scale quadrillion or 1024) or equal to one quadrillion gigabytes.

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Z

Zip Disk
An advanced version of the floppy disk, created by Iomega. These disks (typically 100MB or 250MB) enable you to store, share, and backup information from your computer using an Iomega Zip Drive. The Jaz series stores up to 2GB and offers removable storage capacity at speeds matching many existing hard drives. The PocketZip product is designed to work with digital cameras, MP3 players, and mobile computers; it provides removable, rewritable storage on 40MB disks (that means a single disk has more room to store information than 25 floppies put together).

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