Erin Tammen's Web Definitions

This web page contains the words and definitions of many common computer terms. I created this webpage for my Intro to Webpage Design class. When you click on the links you will be able to move around the page. I think that this is really cool. This is possible because of anchor tags, which I addded in the coding for the page.

In the list of words that I had to define, there were two words that I thought were especially fun. The first word is the wordzine. This word is used as a nickname for an electronic magazine. The second word that I thought was cool is the wordspider. The word spider refers to a program that can be used to search the web for new, publically accessable resources.

I found the definitions for these words mostly on the site that my teacher recommened. The recommened site was netlingo.com. However, some definitions were not available on netlingo, so I used other computer term dictionaries that were avaible on the internet. One of these websites was called "tech terms," and I used it to help me find some of the definitions to words that were not on netlingo.

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A

Ajax
A programming technique for creating interactive Web applications. Small amounts of data are exchanged as needed instead of pulling entire Web pages to be reloaded each time the user makes a change. This increases the Web page's response time, interactivity, and overall usability. Ajax is a cross-platform technology that can be used on many different operating systems, computer architectures, and Web browsers as it is based on open standards such as JavaScript and XML.
ARPAnet
The precursor to the Internet, it was a network developed in the late 1960's and early 1970's by the U.S. Department of Defense. As an experiment in wide area networking (WAN), ARPANet was developed with the goal of being robust enough to survive a nuclear war. Part of the experiment was to study how distributed, noncentralized networks work.

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B

Binary Numbers
A numbering system with a base (radix) of 2, it is unlike the numbering systems most of us use, which have bases of 10 (decimal numbers), 12 (measurement in feet and inches), and 60 (time).
Bit
The basic unit of information in a binary numbering system, it takes 8 bits to make up a byte. For the most part, bits are used to describe transmission speeds, whereas bytes generally refer to storage capacity.
Browser
A program used to view, download, upload, surf, or otherwise access documents (for example, Web pages) on the Internet. Internet Explorer and Firefox are well-known Web browsers, just like Netscape used to be, that enable you to view and interact with Web sites.

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C

Cache
This stores recently used information so that it can be quickly accessed at a later time.
Cloud computing
A style of computing in which dynamic, scalable and virtual resources are provided over the Internet. Cloud computing refers to services that provide common business applications online, which are accessed from a Web browser, while the software and data are stored on the servers.

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D

Default
A computer software setting or preference that states what will automatically happen in the event that the user has not stated another preference.
DOCTYPE
An instruction to the web browser about what version of HTML the page is written in.
DNS
The Domain Name System (DNS) helps users to find their way around the Internet. Every computer on the Internet has a unique address -just like a telephone number- which is a rather complicated string of numbers. It is called its "IP address." But it is hard to remember everyone's IP address. The DNS makes it easier by allowing a familiar string of letters (the "domain name") to be used instead of the arcane IP address.

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E

E-mail
E-mail is mail that's electronically transmitted by your computer.

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F

FAQ
A list of questions and answers related to a Web site, newsgroup, software, or any kind of product or service.
Firefox
Firefox is an open source browser organized by the folks at Mozilla that empowers users to browse faster, more safely and more efficiently than other browsers.
Font
A font is a specific typeface of a certain size and style.
FTP
The standard method for downloading and uploading files over the Internet. With FTP, you can login to a server and transfer files (meaning you can "send" or "receive" files).

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G

Gigabyte
A unit of measurement describing data transfer rates that move approximately 1 billion bits.
Google
Founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two Stanford Ph.D. candidates who developed a technologically advanced method for finding information on the Internet, its most famous product is a hybrid search engine that ranks the popularity of results that match your keyword search.
Graphic
A graphic is an image or visual representation of an object. Therefore, computer graphics are simply images displayed on a computer screen.

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H

HTML
HTML is a mark-up language (versus a programming language) that uses tags to structure text into headings, paragraphs, lists, and links (like those seen on the NetLingo.com HTML Code Cheat Sheet). It tells a Web browser how to display text and images.
HTTP
The standard Internet protocol for the exchange of information on the World Wide Web. Basically, it defines URLs by telling the server what to send to the client.
Hyperlink
The text or graphics on a Web site that can be clicked on with a mouse to take you to another Web page or a different area of the same Web page.

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I

Internet
The Internet is actually a network of networks. It is a system of linked computer networks, international in scope, that facilitates data transfer and communication services, such as remote login, file transfer, electronic mail, newsgroups, and the World Wide Web. The Internet greatly extends the reach of each connected computer network.
IP
The set of technology standards and technical specifications that enable information to be routed from one network to another over the Internet. It is the way networks exchange data with each other.
ISP
A company that provides users access to the Internet. Before you can connect to the Net, you must first establish an account with an ISP.

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J

JPG
One of the two most common types of image formats used on the World Wide Web.

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K

Kilobyte
A unit of measurement equivalent to one thousand bytes of computer memory or disk capacity.

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L

LAN
A network that connects computers in a relatively small, predetermined area (such as a room, a building, or a set of buildings). LANs can be connected to each other over telephone lines and radio waves.
Local Computer
In a LAN or on the Internet, this is the computer you are using. As opposed to remote, which means off-site or "somewhere else," local means on-site or "what's in front of you."

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M

Megabyte
A million bytes or one thousand kilobytes.
Meta Tag
An HTML tag that contains information about a Web page. Some search engines, such as AltaVista, use spiders that index Web pages based on meta tags.

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N

Navigate
The act of moving around the Web by clicking on hypertext links (or paths) that take you from one Web page to another. As you navigate, you move from one computer to another and from one server to another without realizing it.
Netiquette
The code of conduct and unofficial rules that govern online interaction and behavior, it comes from "net" plus "etiquette."
Network
Basically, it is a collection of two or more computers and associated devices that are linked together with communications equipment. Once connected, each part of the network can share the software, hardware, and information contained in the other parts.

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O

Open Source
In general, it is any program whose source code is made available for use or modification by users, developers, or hackers.
Operating System
The foundation software of a computer system, responsible for controlling and launching the installed applications and computer peripherals.

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P

Packet
The name for a unit of data sent across a network. Information is sent over the Internet (and many other networks) in packets.
PNG
PNG, which can be pronounced "ping" or "P-N-G," is a compressed raster graphic format. It is commonly used on the Web and is also a popular choice for application graphics.

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Q

Query
Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.
Qwerty
An acronym that refers to a standard keyboard (as identified by the first six letters in the upper row).

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R

RAM
Hardware inside your computer that retains memory on a short-term basis and stores information while you work. RAM is one of the things that make your computer run faster. It comes in 32-bit, 64-bit, 128-bit, 256-bit, and higher, and you can add additional "blocks" of RAM, depending on your computer.
RGB
The three colors that create all of the other colors on a computer screen.
RSS
Put simply, an "RSS feed" is a format for distributing and gathering content from sources across the Web, including newspapers, magazines, and blogs. Web publishers use RSS to create and distribute news feeds that include links, headlines, and summaries. In other words, it is a format (in XML) for syndicating Web content so as to allow Web site owners and independent publishers the ability to easily share information. The idea is that when the published RSS feed changes, the content fed to your Web site will automatically change too.

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S

Serial Port
A connection point on a computer, it's used to connect a serial interface device (such as a mouse or modem) to the system. Serial ports are typically identified as COM ports, and most computers come with two (often with the capacity to add more).
Server
A host computer on a network, it houses information and responds to requests for information (for example, it houses Web sites and executes their links to other Web sites). The term "server" also refers to the software that makes the act of "serving information" possible.
Spider
Synonymous with a crawler, this is a program that searches the Internet and attempts to locate new, publicly accessible resources, such as WWW documents, files available in public FTP archives, and Gopher documents.

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T

Tag
In Web programming languages, it is the code that describes a command or instruction so that a Web browser will be able to interpret and display it.
TCP/IP
The set of protocols that make Telnet, FTP, e-mail, and other services possible among computers that don't belong to the same network.

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U

Upload
To copy a file from your local computer to a server or host system; the reverse process of download.
URL
An acronym/term that describes the location and access method of a resource on the Internet; for example, the URL "http://www.netlingo.com" describes the type of access method being used (http-the protocol) and the server location that hosts the Web site (www.netlingo.com-the address). All Web sites have URLs.
User
A term that defines the online audience, it also refers to anyone who "uses" a computer.

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V

Virtual
A simulation of the real thing, it means the same as "almost."
Virus (Computer Virus)
A software program that replicates on computer systems by incorporating itself into shared programs. Viruses range from harmless pranks that merely display an annoying message to programs that can destroy files or disable a computer altogether. Whether they're considered malicious or malevolent, all viruses spread rapidly. For example, from one computer to millions of others around the world, infecting machines and causing them to crash.

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W

W3C
An organization that exists to realize the full potential of the Web, it is a special interest group comprised of programmers, Web developers, execs in the industry, and users who help define specifications for the development of Web technology.
WAN
A network that uses high-speed, long-distance communications cables or satellites to connect computers over distances greater than those traversed by LANs (which range about two miles). The Internet itself is considered a WAN.
Web
The Web, can be described as a collection of graphical pages on the Internet that can be read and interacted with by computer. You need an Internet connection, a computer, a Web browser, and a few specialized programs (listed below) in order to access and view this online information.
Web Host
In order to publish a website online, you need a Web host. The Web host stores all the pages of your website and makes them available to computers connected to the Internet.
WYSIWYG
An acronym for a technology that allows you to view or print a document exactly as it looks.

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X

XHTML
XHTML is a markup language written in XML; therefore, it is an XML application.
XML
A programming language/specification developed by the W3C. XML is a pared-down version of SGML, designed especially for Web documents. It enables Web authors and Web developers to create their own customized tags to provide functionality not available with HTML. For example, XML supports links that point to multiple documents (as opposed to HTML links, which can reference just one destination each).

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Y

Yahoo!
Based on the Web site created by David Filo and Jerry Yang of the Department of Computer Science at Stanford University, Yahoo! is one of the Web's most popular destinations and is considered the poster child of the first generation of the Internet. With a keen eye for the popular as well as the useful, Filo and Yang created a directory of Web resources that now performs literally millions of searches on the Web each day.

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Z

Zine
The nickname for an electronic magazine. Just like their real-world counterparts, online magazines primarily derive revenue from ad banner sales. Broadly speaking, a zine is any Web site that publishes content.
Zip (As in a .zip file)
A Windows-based compressed file. ZIP is the industry standard for data compression technology, in part because it can hold directory structures in addition to files. On the Net, large graphics and programs are usually compressed as ZIP files and then made available for download. After you download a ZIP file, you need to use a decompression software program to "unzip" it. This may sound a bit complicated, but in fact, the process of zipping and unzipping files is quite easy. It especially comes in handy when you want to send digital photos to a family member.