Mr. Cole Goduto's Web definitions

The Definitions you will find are many words that are important to the coding language. Some will help you do various coding activites like making words bold or larger in size without increasing the font. Others our definitions of various words like Firefox or the internet that are just describing various browsers and ways things work. With these various definitions you will be able to learn some basic coding instuctions.

Web Host and HTTP, I had seen them a lot but had never known the real definition. From being able to exchange information across the World Wide Web to being able to just access the Web.

The words that you will find below and from NetLingo and Dictionary dotcom

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A

address
a.k.a. e-mail address -or- Internet address -or- network address -or- Web address -or- addy, A series of letters, numbers, and/or symbols by which you identify yourself and by which the Internet identifies you (actually, your computer). It is also a location where information is stored. Through the use of addresses, people can send e-mail, look at Web sites, and send or receive files and documents.

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B

beta
A preliminary or testing stage of a commercial software or hardware product. Someone may say, "It's still in the beta version." Software developers encourage users to report bugs while they "beta test" a program. The beta phase comes after the alpha version. You may also hear about a "beta site" or "beta software."

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C

channel
Primarily thought of as the path or data line that carries information between two computers (or communication devices). It can be a physical pathway, such as coaxial cable; in wireless communications, it can refer to a specific carrier frequency. It is also thought of as a high-speed pathway (for example, fiber-optic) between a mainframe (or other high-end computer) and the control units of peripheral devices. For example, a 10 channel computer can transmit 10 separate streams of data to and from the CPU simultaneously. Additionally, a channel refers to a virtual area where IRC users communicate in real time. There are thousands of these channels located on the Internet.

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D

data
In general, data is information: factual information, such as text, numbers, sounds, and images-anything that can be processed on a computer. Data also represents concepts and sensations that are suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing. As futurist Marshall McLuhan said, "The electric light is pure information," meaning that everything perceptible is data. The word "data" is plural, and the singular form is "datum." However, data is often taken to be singular (as it is in this dictionary).

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E

electronic mail
E-mail is mail that's electronically transmitted by your computer. As opposed to snail mail, e-mail sends your messages instantaneously, anywhere in the world. It is the killer app of the Internet because of its capability to send messages at any time, to anyone, for less money than mailing a letter or calling someone on the telephone. In fact, there are now more e-mail addresses than telephone numbers in the world, and more people have multiple e-mail addresses than multiple telephone numbers. Linked by high-speed data connections that create a global network, e-mail lets you compose messages and transmit them in seconds to one or more recipients across the office, the street, or the country. All you need to get started is an e-mail account, an online connection, a computer, and an e-mail program.

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F

floppy disk
A data storage medium that is widely used to . . . store data :-) It is a magnetically coated, flexible disk of Mylar, enclosed in a plastic envelope or case. At one time, floppies were the only medium of data storage for PCs, but the need to store larger amounts of data led to the development of cheap hard disks, CD-ROMs, and Zip Disks, which have become more popular than the little, old floppy.

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G

glitch
An unexpected disturbance in the flow of electricity to a PC, network, or server, most commonly due to a power surge or a dirty connection. It can sometimes cause a computer to crash.

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H

hard drive
A data storage medium that houses all of the electronic information and software programs on your computer. It is one of the most important pieces of hardware inside your PC.

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I

The Internet
The most important technological innovation of our generation, the Internet is actually a network of networks. Originally designed by the U.S. Department of Defense so that a communication signal could withstand nuclear war and serve military institutions worldwide, the Internet was first known as the ARPANet, the most robust communication technology. It is a system of linked computer networks, international in scope, that facilitates data transfer and communication services, such as remote login, file transfer (FTP), electronic mail (e-mail), newsgroups, and the World Wide Web. The Internet greatly extends the reach of each connected computer network (see: network effect, IP)

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J

jailbreaking
The term used to describe hacking an iPhone to install third-party applications not sold via Apple's own App Store.

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K

keyboard
The peripheral used to input information into a computer or some other form of digital device. It provides a set of alphabetic, numeric, punctuation, symbol, and control keys. When a character is pressed, it sends a coded input to the computer, which then displays a character on the screen. When you hear the term "numeric keypad," it refers to the set of numbers on the right-hand side of some keyboards (not the numbers in the top row, above the letters). Numeric keypads also refer to the numbers (and corresponding letters) on a cell phone.

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L

LAN
A network that connects computers in a relatively small, predetermined area (such as a room, a building, or a set of buildings). LANs can be connected to each other over telephone lines and radio waves. Workstations and personal computers in an office are commonly connected in a LAN. This allows individual users to send or receive files and to share access to files and data. Each computer connected to a LAN is called a node.

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M

mobile
The ability to move around, it also refers to anything that can be moved around (or transported) and still functioning properly. It usually describes handheld devices, such as PDAs and cell phones (that is, mobile phones), but it can also refer to laptops or other portable devices.

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N

nano
Also seen as "n" it is a prefix to denote one billionth, as in nanosecond.

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O

offline browser
A browser that enables you to download an entire Web site (or sections of a Web site) almost instantaneously, so you can browse the site offline. If you're a road warrior, for example, you can take it to go; if you're on a dial-up, you won't run up your phone bill.

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P

pixel
The smallest unit of a picture on a computer screen. When an image's quality is poor, you will see a bunch of square dots, commonly known as "pixelization" resulting in a "pixelated image." Most Web designers and developers agree, a width of 1024 pixels is considered the standard.

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Q

QR code
Created by Japanese corporation Denso-Wave in 1994, a "QR code" is a matrix code (which is a two-dimensional bar code) that is a two-dimensional way of representing information. It is similar to a linear (1-dimensional) bar code, but has more data representation capability.

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R

RAM
Hardware inside your computer that retains memory on a short-term basis and stores information while you work. RAM is one of the things that make your computer run faster. It comes in 32-bit, 64-bit, 128-bit, 256-bit, and higher, and you can add additional "blocks" of RAM, depending on your computer

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S

SD card
A Secure Digital (SD) card is a tiny memory card used to make storage portable among various devices, such as car navigation systems, cell phones, e-books, PDAs, smart phones, digital cameras, music players, and personal computers. An SD card features a high data transfer rate and low battery consumption, both primary considerations for portable devices. It uses flash memory to provide nonvolatile storage, which means that a power source is not required to retain stored data.

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T

Trojan Horse
A type of computer virus disguised as a program. The scenario usually happens like this: a user may download a program from the Net because they think it may be of some use; but once the program is opened (or run), it releases a virus that erases their hard drive or wreaks havoc on their system. A popular Trojan horse virus came in the form of an e-mail attachment of a file called "AOL4FREE.COM," and the "I Love You" virus is another example. The name comes from the Greek legend of a horse that looks benevolent at first, but in actuality harbors trouble.

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U

uplink
To transmit a signal from a ground station to a satellite.

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V

virus
A software program that replicates on computer systems by incorporating itself into shared programs. Viruses range from harmless pranks that merely display an annoying message to programs that can destroy files or disable a computer altogether. Whether they're considered malicious or malevolent, all viruses spread rapidly. For example, from one computer to millions of others around the world, infecting machines and causing them to crash

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W

Web site
A place on the World Wide Web that's comprised of files organized into a hierarchy. Each file or document contains text or graphics that appear as digital information on a computer screen. A site can contain a combination of graphics, text, audio, video, and other dynamic or static materials. As a form of media, Web sites are similar to motion pictures, television, or print magazines, which also create and manipulate digital pictures and text. But a Web site is also a communications medium.

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X

Xmodem
A protocol for transferring files during direct dial-up communications. Developed by Ward Christensen in 1977, Xmodem has basic error checking to ensure that information isn't lost or corrupted during transfer. It sends data in 128-byte blocks. Xmodem has undergone a couple of enhancements: Xmodem CRC uses a more reliable error-correction scheme, and Xmodem-1K transfers data faster by sending it in 1,024-byte blocks.

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Y

YMMV
Online jargon, also known as text message shorthand, used primarily in texting, online chat, instant messaging, email, blogs, and newsgroup postings, these types of abbreviations are also referred to as chat acronyms.

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Z

zen mail
E-mail messages that arrive with no text in the message body