Castle Anzalone's Web Definitions

The Following are definitions of different words used in our class. Many are brief, only providing small information, if you would like more information you can use the search engine of your choice.

An interesting example of words that are made and partially accepted is Netiquette. This is the etiquette of the net, easily known by its mashed name. One other definition that I found intriguing was WYSIWYG, What You See Is What You Get. I have know about these and a great program for this is Adobe DreamWeaver. It takes a fairly complicated thing like web design, and makes it extremely easy. The only problem is its limits to provide intricate features by using just appearance.

For the most part I used the website netlingo to define these words, yet at some times I used Google as a source of information.

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A

Ajax
Asynchronous JavaScript And XMLA programming technique for creating interactive Web applications.
ARPAnet
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. The precursor to the Internet, it was a network developed in the late 1960's and early 1970's by the U.S. Department of Defense.

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B

Binary Numbers
A numbering system with a base (radix) of 2, it is unlike the numbering systems most of us use, which have bases of 10 (decimal numbers), 12 (measurement in feet and inches), and 60 (time).
Bit
The basic unit of information in a binary numbering system, it takes 8 bits to make up a byte.
Browser
a.k.a. Web browser.A program used to view, download, upload, surf, or otherwise access documents (for example, Web pages) on the Internet.

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C

Cache
The action of storing Web files for later reuse so that they can be accessed more quickly by the end-user.
Cloud computing
A style of computing in which dynamic, scalable and virtual resources are provided over the Internet.

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D

Default
A computer software setting or preference that states what will automatically happen in the event that the user has not stated another preference.
DOCTYPE
A document type declaration, or DOCTYPE, is an instruction that associates a particular SGML or XML document (for example, a webpage) with a document type definition (DTD) (for example, the formal definition of a particular version of HTML).
DNS
a.k.a. Domain Name Service -or- Domain Name Server. The Domain Name System (DNS) helps users to find their way around the Internet.

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E

Editor
A software program used to write and edit HTML code.
E-mail
electronic mail. E-mail is mail that's electronically transmitted by your computer.

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F

FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions (pronounced: F-A-Q or fak). A list of questions and answers related to a Web site, newsgroup, software, or any kind of product or service.
Firefox
Mozilla Firefox (known simply as Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser.
Font
a.k.a. typeface. The type and style of text letters and characters you see in documents, Web pages, and graphical images of words (images that look like they're typed or written).
FTP
File Transfer Protocol. The standard method for downloading and uploading files over the Internet.

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G

Gigabyte
A unit of measurement approximately equal to 1 billion bytes.
Google
Founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two Stanford Ph.D. candidates who developed a technologically advanced method for finding information on the Internet, its most famous product is a hybrid search engine that ranks the popularity of results that match your keyword search.
Graphic
A graphical item displayed on a screen or stored as data.

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H

HTML
Hypertext Markup Language. The lingua franca for publishing hypertext on the World Wide Web.
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol. The standard Internet protocol for the exchange of information on the World Wide Web.
Hyperlink
The text or graphics on a Web site that can be clicked on with a mouse to take you to another Web page or a different area of the same Web page.

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I

Internet
The most important technological innovation of our generation, the Internet is actually a network of networks.
IP
Internet Protocol. The set of technology standards and technical specifications that enable information to be routed from one network to another over the Internet.
ISP
Internet Service Provider. A company that provides users access to the Internet.

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J

JPG
Joint Photographic Experts Group, a.k.a. JPEG. (pronounced: jay-peg). One of the two most common types of image formats used on the World Wide Web (the other being GIF). The shorter extension, JPG (without the E), is usually used in association with PC platform files.

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K

Kilobyte
A unit of measurement equivalent to one thousand bytes of computer memory or disk capacity.

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L

LAN
Local Area Network. (pronounced: lan). A network that connects computers in a relatively small, predetermined area (such as a room, a building, or a set of buildings).
Local Computer
In a LAN or on the Internet, this is the computer you are using.

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M

Megabyte
A million bytes or one thousand kilobytes.
Meta Tag
An HTML tag that contains information about a Web page.

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N

Navigate
The act of moving around the Web by clicking on hypertext links (or paths) that take you from one Web page to another.
Netiquette
The code of conduct and unofficial rules that govern online interaction and behavior, it comes from net plus etiquette.
Network
The term actually has many different meanings depending on the person, company, or context in which it is being used.

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O

Open Source
In general, it is any program whose source code is made available for use or modification by users, developers, or hackers.
Operating System
The foundation software of a computer system, responsible for controlling and launching the installed applications and computer peripherals.

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P

Packet
The name for a unit of data sent across a network.
PNG
Portable Network Graphics (PNG), is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression. PNG was created as an improved, non-patented replacement for Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), and is the most used lossless image compression format on the Internet.

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Q

Query
A question or request to find a particular file, Web site, record, or set of records in a search engine or database.
Qwerty
An acronym that refers to a standard keyboard (as identified by the first six letters in the upper row)

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R

RAM
Hardware inside your computer that retains memory on a short-term basis and stores information while you work.
RGB
RGB (red, green, and blue) refers to a system for representing the colors to be used on a computer display.
RSS
Really Simple Syndication -or- Rich Site Summary. Put simply, an "RSS feed" is a format for distributing and gathering content from sources across the Web, including newspapers, magazines, and blogs.

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S

Serial Port
A connection point on a computer, it's used to connect a serial interface device (such as a mouse or modem) to the system.
Server
A host computer on a network, it houses information and responds to requests for information (for example, it houses Web sites and executes their links to other Web sites).
Spider
Synonymous with a crawler, this is a program that searches the Internet and attempts to locate new, publicly accessible resources, such as WWW documents, files available in public FTP archives, and Gopher documents.

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T

Tag
In Web programming languages, it is the code that describes a command or instruction so that a Web browser will be able to interpret and display it.
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. The set of protocols that make Telnet, FTP, e-mail, and other services possible among computers that don't belong to the same network.

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U

Upload
To copy a file from your local computer to a server or host system; the reverse process of download.
URL
Uniform Resource Locator. (pronounced: U-R-L or earl). An acronym/term that describes the location and access method of a resource on the Internet; for example, the URL "http://www.netlingo.com" describes the type of access method being used (http-the protocol) and the server location that hosts the Web site (www.netlingo.com-the address). All Web sites have URLs.
User
a.k.a. users -or- visitors. A term that defines the online audience, it also refers to anyone who "uses" a computer.

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V

Virtual
A simulation of the real thing, it means the same as "almost."
Virus (Computer Virus)
Well-known viruses include: Stuxnet, Duqu, Flame, Wiper, I Love You, code red, NIMDA, Heartbleed, Shellshock. A software program that replicates on computer systems by incorporating itself into shared programs.

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W

W3C
World Wide Web Consortium. An organization that exists to realize the full potential of the Web, it is a special interest group comprised of programmers, Web developers, execs in the industry, and users who help define specifications for the development of Web technology. Be sure to also read through these definitions: HTTP, P3P, RDF, XML
WAN
Wide Area Network, a.k.a. WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network). (pronounced: wan). A network that uses high-speed, long-distance communications cables or satellites to connect computers over distances greater than those traversed by LANs (which range about two miles). The Internet itself is considered a WAN.
Web
You're in it ;-) "The Web," as it is more commonly called, can be described as a collection of graphical pages on the Internet that can be read and interacted with by computer.
Web Host
The business of providing the equipment and services required to host and maintain files for one or more Web sites and to provide fast Internet connections to those sites.
WYSIWYG
What You See Is What You Get. (pronounced: whiz-ee-wig). An acronym for a technology that allows you to view or print a document exactly as it looks.

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X

XHTML
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) is a family of XML markup languages that mirror or extend versions of the widely used Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the language in which Web pages are formulated.
XML
eXtensible Markup Language. A programming language/specification developed by the W3C. XML is a pared-down version of SGML, designed especially for Web documents.

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Y

Yahoo!
It's been said that "Yahoo" stands for "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle," but then again, many things have been said about this company.

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Z

Zine
The nickname for an electronic magazine.
Zip (As in a .zip file)
A Windows-based compressed file. ZIP is the industry standard for data compression technology, in part because it can hold directory structures in addition to files.

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